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Quantifying subjective assessment of sleep quality, quality of life and depressed mood in children with enuresis

By O. Üçer, and B. Gümüş.

World Journal of Urology, Volume 32, Issue 1, February 2014, Pages 239-243

Editor's comments:

The aim of this study was to study the eventual difference in sleep quality, quality of life, and depression scale of children with nocturnal enuresis and children that were dry at night.  100 bedwetting children and 38 non-bedwetting children were included in the study.  The authors concluded that bedwetting children responded negatively because of their bedwetting problem and the scores got worse by growing up.
 

Abstract

Aim
The aim of this study was to compare a group of children who has monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) with a healthy control group by assessing their depression scales, quality of life and sleep quality.

Methods
Hundred and one children with MNE and 38 healthy controls are included in the study, aged between 8 and 16 years old. All participants were performed the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL 4.0), Depression Scale for Children (CES-DC) and The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) tests. The two groups were compared for their demographic factors and for the results of the tests above.

Results
There were no significant differences between the two groups according to age, gender and other demographic factors. Quality of life, depression and sleep quality scores implied worse health in the patient group. The PedsQL scores were assessed as 1,659.90 ± 296.01 in the patient group and 1,818.42 ± 227.92 in the control group (p = 0.001). The CES-DC scores were 11.74 ± 6.11 in the patient group and 7.00 ± 3.97 in the control group (p < 0.001). And the PSQI scores were 2.58 ± 2.48 in the patient group, 1.15 ± 1.10 in the control group (p < 0.001). Also in the patient group, there was a positive correlation between participants’ ages and the PedsQL (p = 0.010; r = 0.256), the CES-DC (p = 0.000; r = 0.382), the PSQI (p = 0.000; r = 0.403) scores. The success parameters at school were significantly worse in the patient group (p = 0.05).

Conclusion
All our findings show us that the children with nocturnal enuresis were affected negatively because of their disease; especially when they grow up the scores get worse health, so we suggest that treatment must be started at suitable age according to guidelines.
 

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Consensus Guidelines

Practical consensus guidelines for the management of enuresis. 
Evaluation and management of enuresis, a common condition, is not a priority in training programs for medical doctors (MDs), despite being a common condition.